Calycanthus floridus var. floridus

Family:Calycanthaceae
Species:Calycanthus floridus L. var. floridus
Common Name:hairy sweet-shrub, hairy strawberry bush, hariy bubby-bush, hairy Carolina-allspice
Habitat:Rarely naturalized in forest understories. A population in Seneca County has persisted for over 50 years and at this site the Calycanthus has apparently become a dominant member of the understory shrub layer.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:This taxon is cultivated and rarely naturalizes in New York. It is native south of New York. Specimens of C. floridus should be determined to variety. C. floridus var. floridus has twigs pubescent; petioles pubescent; and leaf undersurfaces pubescent. Calycanthus floridus var. glaucus has twigs glabrous to puberulent; petioles glabrous to sparsely pubescent; and leaf undersurfaces glabrous or with a few scattered hairs.
Taxonomic Notes:The two varieties of C. floridus (var. floridus and var. glaucus) apparently intergrade and are sometimes difficult to differentiate where their ranges overlap in the southern Appalachian mountains (Nicely 1966, Johnson 1997). Mitchell and Tucker (1997) considered this variety to not occur in New York and that reports of this variety attributed to New York were based on var. glaucus. At least the specimens from a Seneca County population housed at BH and those from Rockland and New York Counties housed at NY are good var. floridus. Other populations should be carefully checked to determine their varietal status.
Status:Not Native, SE (State Rank)
References:Nicely 1965, Johnson 1997

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Equisetophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Sub Class Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
FamilyCalycanthaceae
Genus Calycanthus
Species Calycanthus floridus L. var. floridus - hairy sweet-shrub, hairy strawberry bush, hariy bubby-bush, hairy Carolina-allspice

Citation

Citation Calycanthus floridus Linnaeus var. floridus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1066. 1759.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 660.1). Lectotypified by Nicely, Castanea 30: 66. 1965.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
New York1946 NY
Herbarium Name Used: Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
  1/27/2009 - David Werier
New York1947 NY
Herbarium Name Used: Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
  1/27/2009 - David Werier
Rockland1894 NY
Herbarium Name Used: Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
  1/27/2009 - David Werier
Seneca2001 BH
BH 000 010 943
Herbarium Name Used: Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
  2/8/2009 - David Werier
Seneca1944 BH
BH 000 010 942
Herbarium Name Used: Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
  2/8/2009 - David Werier

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.