Lindera benzoin

Family:Lauraceae
Species:Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
Common Name:spicebush, benzoin-bush, Benjamin-bush, fever-bush, wild allspice
Habitat:Floodplain forests, swamps, shrub swamps, wet woods, mesic forests, seeps in forests, and fens. Occurs in mesic to wet soils often but not always in at least partial shade. In some forest understories it can be the dominant species in the shrub layer.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:We follow Wofford (1997) in not recognizing infraspecific taxa. Two varieties have been described and are recognized by others (Fernald 1950, Gleason and Cronquist 1991). Allegedly, the typical more northerly variety (var. benzoin) has glabrous leaves (at least on the lower surfaces) and twigs while the more southerly variety (var. pubescens) has hairs on the lower surfaces of the leaves (at least along the midrib) and pubescent young twigs. Mitchell and Beal (1979) indicate that the two varieties intergrade. Fernald (1950) lists New Jersey as the northern edge of the range of var. pubescens. So, if the two varieties are distinct, all NY material is likely var. benzoin. Forma xanthocarpa (G.S. Torr.) Rehder with "yellow-orange" fruits was described from one site in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts (Torrey 1914).
Status:Native, S5 (State Rank)
References:Mitchell and Beal 1979, Wofford 1997

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Equisetophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Sub Class Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
FamilyLauraceae
Genus Lindera
Species Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume - spicebush, benzoin-bush, Benjamin-bush, fever-bush, wild allspice

Citation

Citation Lindera benzoin (Linnaeus) Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 324. 1851.
Basionym: Laurus benzoin Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 370. 1753.
Type: Without data, Clifford s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 47: 141. 1945.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Albany1989 NYS    
Albany1992 NYS    
Albany1990 NYS    
Albany1909 BH
BH 000 009 012
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Albany1994 BH
BH 000 009 013
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Bronx1881 NY    
Bronx1966 BKL
BKL00009774
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1877 NY    
Bronx1902 BH
BH 000 009 022
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Bronx1889 NY    
Bronx1901 NY    
Bronx1901 BH
BH 000 009 021
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Bronx1900 NY    
Bronx1891 NY    
Bronx1966 BKL
BKL00009781
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1910 BKL
BKL00009805
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1961 BKL
BKL00009790
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1976 BKL
BKL00036819
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1889 BKL
BKL00009784
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1896 BKL
BKL00009772
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1935 BKL
BKL00036818
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990    
Cayuga1991 NYS    
Cayuga2005 STERL    
Cayuga1916 BH
BH 000 008 999
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Cayuga1954 BH
BH 000 009 000
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Chautauqua1993 BH
BH 000 009 001
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Chautauqua1990 NYS    
Chautauqua1993 NYS    
Chemung1941 BH
BH 000 008 998
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Chenango  NYFA_1990    
Columbia  NYFA_1990    
Delaware  NYFA_1990    
Dutchess  NYFA_1990    
Dutchess1981 BKL
BKL00064038
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Dutchess1996 BKL
BKL00007275
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Erie1999 BH
BH 000 009 005
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Essex1922 HUH    
Fulton2008 NYS
610
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Fulton2008 FMCC
610
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Genesee1944 BH
BH 000 009 004
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Jefferson1932 BH
BH 000 009 006
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Kings1992 BKL
BKL00009797
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1996 BKL
BKL00036816
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1896 BKL
BKL00009807
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1890 BKL
BKL00009806
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings  NYFA_1990    
Kings1992 NYS    
Kings  BKL
BKL00009795
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1890 BKL
BKL00009808
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Lewis  NYFA_1990    
Madison  NYFA_1990    
Monroe  NYFA_1990    
Monroe1989 NYS    
Nassau1941 OBPF
Log_num: 11341
   
Nassau1994 OBPF
Log_num: 6200
   
Nassau1904 NY    
Nassau1905 NY    
Nassau1919 NY    
Nassau1995 OBPF
Log_num: AM14
   
Nassau  NYFA_1990    
Nassau1991 OBPF
Log_num: 9854
   
Nassau1971 OBPF
Log_num: RZ9695
   
Nassau1969 BKL
BKL00009804
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1900 BKL
BKL00009782
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1904 BKL
BKL00009776
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau2008 BKL
BKL00090794
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1994 BKL
BKL00015910
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1897 BKL
BKL00009783
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1969 BKL
BKL00009803
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
New York1890 BKL
BKL00009793
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
New York1887 HUH    
Niagara1895 BH
BH 000 009 003
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Oneida1922 BH
BH 000 008 997
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Onondaga1851 BH
BH 000 008 996
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Onondaga1958 CONN    
Orange1937 NY    
Orange  NYFA_1990    
Orange1937 HUH    
Orange1990 NYS    
Orange1990 CONN    
Orange1915 NY    
Orange1896 NY    
Orange1991 NYS    
Orange1936 HUH    
Orange1936 NY    
Orange1998 BKL
BKL00036820
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1990 BKL
BKL00009800
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1992 BKL
BKL00015944
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1990 BKL
BKL00009799
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1991 BKL
BKL00036815
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1999 BKL
BKL00016934
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1995 BKL
BKL00015966
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1995 BKL
BKL00015964
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2004 BKL
BKL00033715
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1994 BKL
BKL00015917
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1995 BKL
BKL00015962
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2002 BKL
BKL00022903
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1994 BKL
BKL00015925
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orleans1897 BH
BH 000 009 002
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Oswego2002 BH
BH 000 008 995
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Oswego2007 RCFS
accession # 13195
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Otsego1975 SUCO
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco
Putnam1989 NYS    
Putnam1931 NY    
Putnam1954 BH
BH 000 009 010
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Putnam1999 BKL
BKL00010204
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Putnam1994 BKL
BKL00015923
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Putnam1990 BKL
BKL00009773
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Putnam1994 BKL
BKL00015914
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens2000 BKL
BKL00029043
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1895 BKL
BKL00009810
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1881 BKL
BKL00009794
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1899 BKL
BKL00009779
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1928 BKL
BKL00009777
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1994 BKL
BKL00015929
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1988 BKL
BKL00090512
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1879 NY    
Queens1877 NY    
Queens1900 BH
BH 000 009 019
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Queens1918 NY    
Queens1994 CONN    
Queens1897 BH
BH 000 009 020
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Rensselaer1986 NYS    
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990    
Rensselaer1997 NYS    
Richmond1998 BKL
BKL00017280
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1911 BKL
BKL00009778
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1887 HUH    
Richmond1878 NY    
Richmond1917 BH
BH 000 009 017
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Richmond1922 BH
BH 000 009 018
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Richmond1917 NY    
Richmond1996 BKL
BKL00017269
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1989 BKL
BKL00020496
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1990 BKL
BKL00022000
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1998 BKL
BKL00017281
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1995 BKL
BKL00015949
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1995 BKL
BKL00015967
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1994 BKL
BKL00015927
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1956 NY    
Rockland1990 NYS    
Rockland1994 CONN    
Rockland1954 NY    
Rockland  NYFA_1990    
Rockland2000 BKL
BKL00018404
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1915 NY    
Saratoga1952 BH
BH 000 009 011
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Schuyler  NYFA_1990    
Seneca  NYFA_1990    
Suffolk1920 HUH    
Suffolk1920 PH    
Suffolk1938 BH
BH 000 009 016
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Suffolk  QUE    
Suffolk1994 OBPF
Log_num: CJ362
   
Suffolk1991 OBPF
Log_num: 7008
   
Suffolk1920 BH
BH 000 009 015
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Suffolk1935 HUH    
Suffolk1973 OBPF
Log_num: 6195
   
Suffolk1919 BKL
BKL00009771
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1871 BKL
BKL00009791
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1995 BKL
BKL00015947
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1915 BKL
BKL00036817
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1994 BKL
BKL00020640
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2000 BKL
BKL00012285
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1905 BKL
BKL00009796
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1914 BKL
BKL00009769
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1918 BKL
BKL00009770
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2004 BKL
BKL00025886
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1915 BKL
BKL00009787
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2002 BKL
BKL00023574
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1996 BKL
BKL00015961
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1915 BKL
BKL00009802
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1905 BKL
BKL00009809
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1878 BKL
BKL00009792
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1918 BKL
BKL00009786
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk  BKL
BKL00009789
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1999 BKL
BKL00011270
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1994 BKL
BKL00086254
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1918 BKL
BKL00009785
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2006 BKL
BKL00078423
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1995 BKL
BKL00015969
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2003 BKL
BKL00024373
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan1983 BH
BH 000 009 014
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Tioga1915 BH
BH 000 008 993
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Tioga1920 BH
BH 000 008 994
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Tompkins1914 BH
BH 000 016 289
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Ulster1925 BH
BH 000 009 009
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Ulster2010 BKL
BKL00096206
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2010 BKL
BKL00096208
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1938 PH    
Washington1891 BH
BH 000 009 007
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Washington1916 BH
BH 000 009 008
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Wayne1990 NYS    
Westchester1956 NY    
Westchester1981 NY    
Westchester1980 NY    
Westchester1915 NY    
Westchester1932 HUH    
Westchester1882 NY    
Westchester  NYFA_1990    
Westchester  NY    
Westchester1955 NY    
Westchester1889 NY    
Westchester1877 NY    
Westchester1995 BKL
BKL00015963
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1910 BKL
BKL00009775
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1965 BKL
BKL00009788
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1888 BKL
BKL00009780
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1981 BKL
BKL00009801
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1980 BKL
BKL00009798
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1895 BKL
BKL00010201
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1994 BKL
BKL00015907
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Wyoming1991 BH
BH 000 008 992
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Yates1951 BH
BH 000 008 990
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier
Yates1950 BH
BH 000 008 991
Herbarium Name Used: Lindera benzoin
  10/29/2009 - David Werier

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Benzoin aestivale Benzoin aestivale auct. non (Linnaeus) Nees, Syst. Laur.: 495. 1836.   
Benzoin odoriferum Benzoin odoriferum Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. (Wallich) 2: 63: 1831.Laurus benzoin Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 370. 1753.Without data, Clifford s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 47: 141. 1945.