Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

Species:Prunella vulgaris L. var. lanceolata (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald
Common Name:American self-heal
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Plant Notes:Some of the specimens of "Prunella vulgaris" are likely var. lanceolata but currently we place them all under the typical variety var. vulgaris.
Taxonomic Notes:Numerous early botanists recognized Prunella vulgaris as consisting of at least two taxa. One is considered to be native to North America (P. vulgaris var. lanceolata) and the other as native to Eurasia (P. v. var. vulgaris). Fernald (1913b) gives an overview of how these taxa have been treated in North America, provides a key to the varieties, and publishes the new combination P. v. var. lanceolata (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald. Fernald (1950) and Gleason and Cronquist (1991) follow this taxonomy while Mitchell (1986) and Mitchell and Tucker (1997) treat Prunella vulgaris as a non-native taxon without infraspecific taxa. A limited study from California (Nelson 1964) supports the distinction between the two taxa and also demonstrates support for a limited amount of introgression or hybridization at one California population. We follow Fernald in recognition of two taxa but a modern large scale study is still warranted. The North American native taxon (P. vulgaris var. lanceolata) has median cauline leaf blades lanceolate to oblong, 2-5 (avg. 3) times as long as wide, and cuneate at the base. The Eurasian P. vulgaris var. vulgaris has median cauline leaf blades ovate to ovate-oblong, 1.5-2.5 (avg. 2) times as long as wide, and rounded at the base (Fernald 1913b).

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Division Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Genus Prunella
Species Prunella vulgaris L. var. lanceolata (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald - American self-heal


Citation Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald
Basionym: **
Type: **

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No sources exist for this species.


SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Prunella vulgaris var. elongata Prunella vulgaris Linnaeusvar. elongata Benth.