Lobelia cardinalis

Family:Campanulaceae
Species:Lobelia cardinalis L.
Common Name:cardinal flower
Habitat:Marshes, swamps, wet thickets, gravely stream banks, margins of drainages, edges of ponds including marl ponds, and wet ledges. Occurs in both shaded and unshaded sites almost always in saturated to wet-mesic soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Forb/herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI), OBL (NWI), S4S5 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Asteridae
Order Campanulales
FamilyCampanulaceae
Genus Lobelia
Species Lobelia cardinalis L. - cardinal flower

Citation

Citation Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 930. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1051.19). Lectotypified by McVaugh, Rhodora 38: 276. 1936.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Allegany  NYFA_1990    
Broome  NYFA_1990    
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990    
Cattaraugus2009 BKL
BKL00095331
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Cayuga  NYFA_1990    
Cayuga2005 STERL    
Cayuga1971 RCFS
accession # 11025
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Chautauqua  NYFA_1990    
Chemung  NYFA_1990    
Chenango  NYFA_1990    
Columbia  NYFA_1990    
Cortland  NYFA_1990    
Delaware  NYFA_1990    
Dutchess  NYFA_1990    
Erie  NYFA_1990    
Essex  NYFA_1990    
Franklin  NYFA_1990    
Fulton2007 NYS
476
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Fulton2007 FMCC
476
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Genesee  NYFA_1990    
Genesee1980 BKL
BKL00047133
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Greene  NYFA_1990    
Greene1934 NYS    
Hamilton  NYFA_1990    
Herkimer2002 INHS
Accession #: 220479
   
Jefferson  NYFA_1990    
Kings1889 BKL
BKL00047134
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1882 BKL
BKL00047163
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1866 BKL
BKL00047160
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Lewis  NYFA_1990    
Madison1958 CONN    
Madison  NYFA_1990    
Monroe  NYFA_1990    
Montgomery2005 FMCC
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
Town of Root 8/30/2009 - Connie Tedesco
Montgomery2005 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
Town of Root 8/30/2009 - Connie Tedesco
Nassau1975 OBPF
Log_num: 8872
   
Nassau1998 OBPF
Log_num: GHP91
   
Nassau1993 OBPF
Log_num: 6457
   
Nassau1896 BKL
BKL00047157
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1939 OBPF
Log_num: 6439
   
Nassau1918 BKL
BKL00047168
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1889 BKL
BKL00047155
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1922 BKL
BKL00047158
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1896 BKL
BKL00047156
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Niagara  NYFA_1990    
Oneida  NYFA_1990    
Onondaga  NYFA_1990    
Ontario  NYFA_1990    
Orange1990 NYS    
Orange  NYFA_1990    
Orange2005 BKL
BKL00051717
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1997 BKL
BKL00005122
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2002 BKL
BKL00022920
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1894 BKL
BKL00047146
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2010 BKL
BKL00097756
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1889 BKL
BKL00047132
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1990 BKL
BKL00031327
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2000 BKL
BKL00012955
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1889 BKL
BKL00047165
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Oswego  NYFA_1990    
Oswego1970 RCFS
accession # 10427
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1967 RCFS
accession # 10686
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1967 RCFS
accession # 10687
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1970 RCFS
accession # 11026
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Otsego  NYFA_1990    
Putnam  NYFA_1990    
Putnam1989 NYS    
Putnam2001 BKL
BKL00019570
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Putnam2001 BKL
BKL00099591
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1881 BKL
BKL00047167
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens  NYFA_1990    
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990    
Rensselaer1996 NYS    
Rensselaer1997 NYS    
Richmond1945 BKL
BKL00047310
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1910 BKL
BKL00047144
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1907 CONN    
Richmond1909 BKL
BKL00047159
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1911 BKL
BKL00047143
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1892 BKL
BKL00047139
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1887 BKL
BKL00047140
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1990 NYS    
Saratoga  NYFA_1990    
Schenectady  NYFA_1990    
Schuyler  NYFA_1990    
St. Lawrence  NYFA_1990    
St. Lawrence1982 NYS    
St. Lawrence1914 BKL
BKL00047145
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1915 BKL
BKL00047169
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1904 BKL
BKL00047136
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1870 BKL
BKL00047135
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1886 BKL
BKL00047154
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1886 BKL
BKL00047153
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk  NYFA_1990    
Suffolk1886 BKL
BKL00047161
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1870 BKL
BKL00047164
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan  NYFA_1990    
Tompkins  NYFA_1990    
Ulster  NYFA_1990    
Warren  NYFA_1990    
Warren1896 BKL
BKL00047151
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1891 BKL
BKL00047150
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1895 BKL
BKL00047152
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1896 BKL
BKL00047149
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1897 BKL
BKL00047148
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Washington1914 BKL
BKL00047142
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Washington1938 BKL
BKL00047141
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Washington  NYFA_1990    
Wayne  NYFA_1990    
Wayne1990 NYS    
Westchester  NYFA_1990    
Westchester1894 CONN    
Westchester1916 BKL
BKL00047137
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1887 BKL
BKL00047138
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1886 BKL
BKL00099326
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1909 BKL
BKL00096143
Herbarium Name Used: Lobelia cardinalis
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Wyoming  NYFA_1990    
Yates  NYFA_1990    

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Lobelia cardinalis ssp. graminea Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus ssp. graminea (Lam.) McVaugh   
Lobelia cardinalis var. graminea Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. graminea (Lam.) McVaugh   
Lobelia cardinalis var. meridionalis Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. meridionalis Bowden   
Lobelia cardinalis var. multiflora Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. multiflora (Paxton) McVaugh   
Lobelia cardinalis var. phyllostachya Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. phyllostachya (Engelm.) McVaugh   
Lobelia cardinalis var. propinqua Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. propinqua (Paxton) Bowden   
Lobelia cardinalis var. pseudosplendens Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. pseudosplendens McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 348. 1940.    
Lobelia fulgens Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: 85, t. 85. 1809.    
Lobelia splendens Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: 86, t. 86. 1809.