Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris

Family:Lamiaceae
Species:Prunella vulgaris L. var. vulgaris
Common Name:Eurasian self-heal
Habitat:Lawns, fields, ditches, roadsides, stream banks, weedy successional forests, and thickets. Quite weedy and common. It often occurs in at least seasonally wet depressions. It can sometimes be found in native habitats very far from disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Forb/herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:Some of the specimens of "Prunella vulgaris" are likely var. lanceolata but currently we place them all under the typical variety var. vulgaris.
Taxonomic Notes:Numerous early botanists recognized Prunella vulgaris as consisting of at least two taxa. One is considered to be native to North America (P. vulgaris var. lanceolata) and the other as native to Eurasia (P. v. var. vulgaris). Fernald (1913b) gives an overview of how these taxa have been treated in North America, provides a key to the varieties, and publishes the new combination P. v. var. lanceolata (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald. Fernald (1950) and Gleason and Cronquist (1991) follow this taxonomy while Mitchell (1986) and Mitchell and Tucker (1997) treat Prunella vulgaris as a non-native taxon without infraspecific taxa. A limited study from California (Nelson 1964) supports the distinction between the two taxa and also demonstrates support for a limited amount of introgression or hybridization at one California population. We follow Fernald in recognition of two taxa but a modern large scale study is still warranted. The North American native taxon (P. vulgaris var. lanceolata) has median cauline leaf blades lanceolate to oblong, 2-5 (avg. 3) times as long as wide, and cuneate at the base. The Eurasian P. vulgaris var. vulgaris has median cauline leaf blades ovate to ovate-oblong, 1.5-2.5 (avg. 2) times as long as wide, and rounded at the base (Fernald 1913b).
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI), FACW (NWI), SE (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Asteridae
Order Lamiales
FamilyLamiaceae
Genus Prunella
Species Prunella vulgaris L. var. vulgaris - Eurasian self-heal

Citation

Citation Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 600. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 316 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Hedge, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 79. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Albany1989 NYS    
Albany  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Allegany  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Allegany1981 BUF
Herbarium # 85039
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Bronx  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Broome  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Cattaraugus1985 BUF
Herbarium # 52648
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Cattaraugus1943 BUF
Herbarium # 85033
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Cayuga2005 STERL    
Chautauqua1991 NYS    
Chautauqua1993 NYS    
Chautauqua1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85057
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Chenango  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Clinton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Columbia  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Delaware  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Dutchess1989 NYS    
Dutchess  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Erie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Erie1989 BUF
Herbarium # 68867
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85029
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85030
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85031
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1975 BUF
Herbarium # 85059
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1975 BUF
Herbarium # 85032
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1974 BUF
Herbarium # 85049
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1988 BUF
Herbarium # 85036
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1987 BUF
Herbarium # 85047
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1942 BUF
Herbarium # 85034
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1946 BUF
Herbarium # 85040
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85048
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85054
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1971 BUF
Herbarium # 83974
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1888 BUF
Herbarium # 61615
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1886 BUF
Herbarium # 61614
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1885 BUF
Herbarium # 61613
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1921 BUF
Herbarium # 85060
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Erie1862 BUF
Herbarium # 26343
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Essex  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Franklin  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Fulton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Genesee1879 BUF
Herbarium # 61612
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Greene  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Greene1989 NYS    
Hamilton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Herkimer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Jefferson  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Lewis  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Livingston  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Livingston1970 BUF
Herbarium # 85043
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Madison  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Monroe  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Monroe1989 NYS    
Monroe  BUF
Herbarium # 85051
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Monroe1967 BUF
Herbarium # 85044
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Montgomery2005 FMCC
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Town of Mohawk 8/30/2009 - Connie Tedesco
Montgomery2005 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Town of Mohawk 8/30/2009 - Connie Tedesco
Nassau1990 OBPF
Log_num: 2706
   
Nassau1949 BUPL    
Nassau  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Niagara2001 BUF
Herbarium # 77528
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1988 BUF
Herbarium # 59875
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara  BUF
Herbarium # 53828
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Niagara1925 BUF
Herbarium # 85042
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1910 BUF
Herbarium # 85058
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1986 BUF
Herbarium # 55184
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1986 BUF
Herbarium # 56032
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1985 BUF
Herbarium # 52524
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Niagara1976 BUF
Herbarium # 53827
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Oneida  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Onondaga1970 RCFS
accession # 11416
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Onondaga1987 NYS    
Onondaga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Orange1990 NYS    
Orleans1986 BUF
Herbarium # 85037
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Orleans1972 BUF
Herbarium # 85050
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Orleans1972 BUF
Herbarium # 85038
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Oswego  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Oswego1985 RCFS
accession # 11417
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1998 RCFS
accession # 12132
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1970 RCFS
accession # 10508
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1968 RCFS
accession # 10559
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Otsego2004 SUCO Town of Unadilla  
Putnam  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Rensselaer1997 NYS    
Rensselaer1998 NYS    
Rensselaer1996 NYS    
Rockland1990 NYS    
Schenectady  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Schoharie1989 NYS    
Schoharie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Schuyler  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
St. Lawrence  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
St. Lawrence1993 NYS    
Steuben  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Steuben1968 BUF
Herbarium # 85052
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Suffolk1993 OBPF
Log_num: 6430
   
Suffolk  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Suffolk1991 NYS    
Suffolk1926 BUPL    
Suffolk1973 OBPF
Log_num: 9998
   
Suffolk1992 NYS    
Sullivan  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Tompkins  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Ulster  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Warren1992 NYS    
Washington  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Wayne  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Westchester  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Wyoming  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   
Wyoming1976 BUF
Herbarium # 85056
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Wyoming1983 BUF
Herbarium # 85046
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 12/18/2009 - BUF (Ed Fuchs)
Yates  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Prunella vulgaris
   

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.