Endodeca serpentaria

Family:Aristolochiaceae
Species:Endodeca serpentaria (L.) Raf.
Common Name:Virginia snakeroot, serpentary
Habitat:A southern species with us primarily in southeastern NY. Dry-mesic south to south-west facing oak-hickory forested slopes often with abundant non-weedy herbaceous species such as Lespedeza intermedia, Agrimonia rostellata, and Carex willdenowii. Often with dense Dichanthelium boscii stands and Carya glabra dominant in the canopy. Sometimes in small seasonal drainages in this habitat. Populations are usually small and not dense.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Forb/herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:Together the segregate genera Endodeca and Isotrema form a very well supported clade that is morphologically, molecularly, and cytologically distinct from the rest of Aristolochia sensu lato (Kelly and González 2003, Neinhuis et al. 2005, Ohi-Toma et al. 2006, Wanke et al. 2006). These authors work strongly supports Huber’s (1993) taxonomic alignment which recognizes Endodeca and Isotrema as distinct genera. Ohi-Toma et al. (2006), while supporting the recognition of segregate genera within Aristolochia s.l., chose to lump Endodeca under Isotrema because the two share the same chromosome number but their work also strongly supports the recognition of the two as distinct at the generic level with the choice somewhat subjective. We currently recognize Endodeca (E. serpentaria) and Isotrema (I. macrophyllum, I tomentosum) as distinct from Aristolochia (A. clematitis) following (Huber 1993, Kelly and González 2003, Neinhuis et al. 2005). A few taxa (all occurring south of New York) have been described within Endodeca serpentaria (e.g. Aristolochia hastata, A. convolvulacea) sometimes at the infraspecific level. We follow recent authors (Gleason and Cronquist 1991, Berringer 1997) in recognizing only one variable taxon.
Status:Native, Threatened-State, UPL (NWI), FACU (NWI), S2 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:Mitchell and Beal 1979, Barringer 1997

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Equisetophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Sub Class Magnoliidae
Order Piperales
FamilyAristolochiaceae
Genus Endodeca
Species Endodeca serpentaria (L.) Raf. - Virginia snakeroot, serpentary

Citation

Citation Endodeca serpentaria (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 62. 1828.
Basionym: Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 961. 1753.
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n., Herb. Linn. No. 1071.7 (lectotype: LINN). Lectotypified by Pfeifer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 128. 1966.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Bronx1892 NY    
Bronx  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   
Nassau1915 NY    
Nassau1872 BKL
BKL00029184
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1879 BKL
BKL00029185
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau  BKL
BKL00029183
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
New York1817 BH    
New York1817 NY    
New York  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   
Orange1990 NYS    
Orange1994 NYS    
Queens1871 BKL
BKL00029186
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond  BKL
BKL00035209
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   
Richmond1868 NYS    
Rockland  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   
Rockland1990 NYS    
Rockland2003 BH
BH 000 009 061
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
  11/24/2009 - David Werier
Ulster  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   
Ulster1895 NYS    
Ulster1960 NYS    
Westchester1891 NY    
Westchester1898 NY    
Westchester  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Aristolochia serpentaria
   

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Aristolochia serpentaria Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 961. 1753. Without data, Kalm s.n., Herb. Linn. No. 1071.7 (lectotype: LINN). Lectotypified by Pfeifer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 128. 1966.